Being an island with little natural resources to speak of, the supply and regulation of water has always been a critical issue in Singapore.In 1857, a philanthropist by the name of Mr. Tan Kim Seng donated the then princely sum of $13,000 to begin work on Singapore's first piped water supply system.
An earth embankment was completed in 1867 to retain water in Singapore's first reservoir then known as Thomson Road Reservoir. This was later renamed MacRitchie Reservoir.
A second reservoir, Peirce Reservoir was completed in 1910.
Today, the national water agency, the Public Utilities Board (PUB), has put in place a diversified water supply policy consisting of four different water sources. The largest are the water imports from Johor, Malaysia, under two bilateral agreements which expire in 2011 and 2061. The other 'Four National Taps' are NEWater (wastewater purification), desalinated water and local water catchments.
Singapore has 14 reservoirs and a network of stormwater collection ponds that help prevent flooding during heavy rains. By the end of 2009, the island's total water catchment will increase from half to two-thirds of Singapore's land surface once the Marina Reservoir and Punggol-Serangoon reservoir are completed.
PUB has set up two galleries to educate the public about water supply in Singapore.
The NEWater Visitor Centre in Bedok gives a behind the scene look at an actual NEWater factory. Visitors can see first hand how advanced membrane and ultraviolet technologies are used to produce NEWater and are given the opportunity to feel, touch and even taste NEWater.
The centre uses a lively and vibrant virtual guide, Wave, as well as professional tour guides who will bring visitors on the NEWater journey in an entertaining and educational way. The centre also uses multimedia shows and interactive games to enhance the learning experience.
The Marina Barrage, a dam built across the Marina Channel, creates Singapore's first reservoir in the city area. This project not only produces a new source of water supply and flood control, but is a lifestyle attraction that will offer a host of recreational activities to Singaporeans.
There are six galleries at the Marina Barrage that showcase Singapore's efforts in promoting the environment, conservation and sustainability. Visitors can go back in time to learn the history of cleaning up Singapore's rivers, as well as admire an actual working model of the Marina Barrage itself.
|Marina Barrage||260 Marina Way, Singapore 018976|
|Opening Hours -|| |
|Sustainable Singapore Gallery||Monday to Fridays – 9am – 6pm. Saturday, Sundays and public holidays – 10am – 8pm. Closed on Tuesdays |
|Guided Tours:||Mondays to Fridays - 9am, 10.30am, 1pm, 1.30pm, 4pm|
Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays – 11am, 2.30pm, 5pm.
Closed on Tuesdays,
For tour bookings, please log on to www.pub.gov.sg or call 6514 595
|NEWater Visitor Centre||20 Koh Sek Lim Road, Singapore 486593|
|Opening Hours - |
|Visitor Centre:||Tuesdays to Sundays – 9am - 5.30pm. Closed on Mondays and public holidays|
|Guided Tours:||Tuesday to Sundays – 9.00am, 10.45am, 12.30pm, 2.15pm and 4.00pm|